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Types of Roofing Shingles

Types of Roofing Shingles

Asphalt, metal, wood, slate and concrete are some of the different types of shingles available for roofing.
DecorDezine Staff
When it comes to repairing or improving the roof, homeowners often ponder on what material to select, as there are many different types of roofing shingles available in the market. Choosing the wrong material will not only increase the maintenance of the roof, but also spoil your homes architecture. Here are some roofing material that are extensively used to re-shingle roofs.
Asphalt Shingles
Also known as composition shingles, these are a popular choice as they are inexpensive and extremely durable. Once installed, they can last anywhere between 20 to 30 years. These shingles that require low maintenance are strong and sturdy and you can even walk on them without causing any damage to the material. Asphalt shingles are manufactured in a wide range of colors and styles. Being fire resistant, composition shingles are the preferred choice. Total average cost of asphalt shingles roof per square foot varies from $1.60 to $3.5.
Drawback: Although low on maintenance, asphalt shingles are not capable to handle drastic weather changes. They deteriorate and may show signs of decay in fluctuating weather patterns. For instance, strong winds or hail storm could possibly cause leakage in asphalt roofing.
Metal Roof Shingles
Although metal roofs are expensive, they are practically maintenance free. Metal roof shingles are non flammable and resistant to mildew, rot and insects. Standing-seam steel roofing is a popular metal roofing today. Their durability can range from 20 to 50 years. Metal shingles display an eye-catching beauty as most of them are coated with a variety of colors, which helps to imitate the rustic charm of wood shingles. Environmentally conscious people would be more than happy to use metal shingles as major chunk of it contains recycled material.
Drawback: Metal roofing can make a deep hole into your pocket. For instance, the cost of steel shingles is the range of $4.98 - $7.52 per square foot. Also, the sound of rain falling on metal shingles is sometimes unbearable during a heavy downpour. In order to reduce the intensity of this unwanted noise, insulating it with solid wood is necessary, which can be done only by a professional installer. Also, repairing metal roofing is difficult and most probably needs professional help.
Wood Shingles
Among the different types of wood shingles, the most sought after are the cedar shingles. Cedar shingles are visually appealing. As wood shingles are lightweight, installation and maintenance work is a simple affair. If you are looking for a beautiful roof that will lend elegance to your home, then what better way than using cedar shingles. Roof made from cedar shingles also offers protection from raging winds blowing as fast as 120 mph. On an average, you will have to shell out anywhere between $4.8 and $6.78 per square foot for using cedar roof shingles.
Drawback: As compared to other roofing material, wood shingles can easily catch fire. For instance, embers falling on wood shingles could possibly set the roof ablaze. Also insects and rots may damage the material.
Concrete Shingles
Looking for a roofing material that can sustain easily for over 50 years? If yes, then concrete roofing should be your choice. Their durability can be gauged from the fact that severe weather be it hailstorm, strong winds and fire cannot cause even the slightest damage to concrete shingles. In other words, concrete tile roofing is capable enough to face the wrath of harsh weather. For concrete shingles roof, your expenses will vary from $3.85 to $4.87 per square foot.
Drawback: When it comes to installation, concrete shingles can give you a tough time. To be precise, the installation process is cumbersome and requires expertise.
Slate Shingles
Slate, although a costly choice, is considered to be the most stylish roofing material. This is because slate comes in a variety of textures, colors and quality levels. Visually appealing, slate shingles are coated in a variety of different beautiful finishes such as purple, black, green and gray. Natural slate roofs are highly durable and can lasts for generations to come. Once installed, you don't have to bother about changing your roof material for at least 150 years. In fact, with proper maintenance, slate shingles can last indefinitely. Insects cannot cause any harm to slate tiles. They also provide good protection against fire and are not vulnerable to rot. As slate is heavy, so it's better to make sure that your house can withstand the heavy load of a slate roof.
Drawback: Although slate roofing does not deteriorate in harsh weather conditions, the shingles are fragile and hence may break in case a large tree branch lands on the roof. Also, installing slate shingles is no layman's job, as it requires special tools. So, one must consult an experienced roofer when it comes to installation. As aforementioned, opting for natural slate shingles is expensive as one has to first install roof framing lumber so that the roof can bear the load of these heavy shingles. So, instead, go for synthetic slate as the installation cost is half that of natural slate roof. Moreover there is no need to construct any additional support because unlike natural slate shingles, the synthetic ones are very light. The total average cost of synthetic roof shingles will vary from $4.35 to $6.31 per square foot.
Rubber Shingles
Won't it sound sensible to use shingles developed from recycled product, especially when the environmental degradation is on the rise? If you are looking for a material to construct environmentally responsible roof, then rubber is the way to go. Old tires are commonly used to make rubber shingles. Firstly, rubber powder is extracted from used tires, which is then cemented and molded into shapes that look very similar to slate and wood shingles. Durability is synonymous to recycled roofing products such as rubber shingles. As far as performance and sustainability is concerned, rubber shingles are at par with some of the best metal roofings. Even wind blowing at a speed of 80 mph cannot damage rubber shingles. These recycled products are high fire rated, meaning they are capable enough to face the impact of fire hazards. Rubber shingles manufactured by companies like EcoStar and Euroshield can withstand harsh weather be it rain, snow or high temperature. These roofing products are easy to install, pocket friendly, come in different colors and moreover good to the environment. You will have to spend a minimum of $2.08 and a maximum of $3.16 per square foot for installing rubber roof shingles.
Drawback: Customers do complain about offensive smell emanating from rubber shingles. This is quite natural as they are made from rubber tires but the bad smell does not last long and goes away within a few weeks.
These are some of the popular types of roofing shingles that can be used for home improvement projects. Depending upon your budget and the prevalent climate, you may select any roof material that best cater to your needs.