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Steps to Install Wood Floor

Steps to Install Wood Floor

A wood floor can be installed in a few simple steps that are briefly described here. Read on to learn how you can give your house a fashionable and luxurious look.
Kalpana Kumari
Last Updated: Mar 28, 2019
When it comes to renovating the house to give attractive look, installing wood flooring is a great option. Wood flooring can be stained and sanded time to time, and is a practical choice. This flooring brings a natural charm and grace. Laminated wood floors can give your house elegance and grace at a lesser cost.
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Laminated flooring has a number of advantages: it is cheap, easy to clean, and requires less maintenance. Along with that, it is also water-resistant, does not get easily damaged due to humidity, and is highly durable. All these advantages make it suitable for both, the kitchen and bathroom.
These floorings are made of environment-friendly materials and come in a wide range of colors and styles. But, it does take a few hours to lay down the flooring. The various steps involved are discussed ahead.
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✔ Remove any carpet, padding or strip, along the area and perimeter of the room. Sweep the sub-floor well.

✔ Most crucial task is to check evenness of sub-floor. The flooring is to be laid on a flat sub-floor or it will keep "screeching". A depression or elevation must be leveled.
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✔ Make sure the sub-floor is completely dry. Carpet or floor mat dryers and dehumidifiers speed up the process of drying. This is necessary because wood may expand or contract depending upon the moisture content of the surroundings.
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✔ To further lessen the risk of wood expansion, the laminate floor planks need to be kept in the room where they are going to be installed for at least a week. This helps the wood acclimate to the humidity and room temperature, and reduces moisture accumulation during installation.
✔ After leveling, cleaning, and drying, the sub-floor is ready to install underlayment pads. The function of underlayment pads is to provide support to the flooring and make it comfortable for the person standing on it. It works as a vapor-proof barrier for the concrete floor. Underlayment pads come in various forms--the most common being wood and foam.
While laying these, their pieces must be joined together with plastic tape and their edges must be laid systematically as they might expand with changes in the weather.
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✔ The underlayment installation is followed by the laying of the floor. Cut the floor planks such that you give an equal size to all. Make sure the width and length are not less than 50mm and 200mm respectively. To fit the floor at the door, planks need to be cut accordingly.
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✔ Start laying the floor planks in one row. Join two floor planks in the tongue and groove mechanism. This is done by positioning the first plank with its tongue facing the wall and its groove facing the second plank to be laid. Complete all subsequent rows in this manner. Clunk the entire row into place in one motion.
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✔ During the installation, leave a gap of 12-15 mm between the plank and the wall. This space gets filled with passage of time because the wood expands. This expansion gap can be covered with a wood quadrant. It can be attached with the help of nails or a good quality wood glue.
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✔ Make use of the puller tool wherever necessary. Try not to leave any space between adjacent planks. If there is a space, cover it up with wood glue.
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Laminate floors are easy to maintain, but it's really impossible to remove scratches from their surface. So try as much as possible to avoid doing anything that will create scratches, like walking in high heels or dragging heavy loads across the floor.