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How To Paint Furniture

Neil Valentine D'Silva Sep 29, 2018
Learning how to paint furniture is very easy, and does not require a lot of equipment either. Here's a guide on how to go about it.
Painting furniture is a very simple household task, and it can help you save a lot of money. Just adding a coat or two of paint on your furniture will make it look brand new, and also make them better resistant to termites and weather excesses.
This will save you from buying new furniture repeatedly. You can paint furniture by yourself; there is no need to call in the carpenter each time and spend money.

Steps For Painting Furniture

Things Required

  • Clean cloth
  • Furniture paint (which is thinner than ordinary paint)
  • Paint brushes
  • Spray painter
  • Stilts
  • Primer (for example, Painter's Touch)
  • Sand paper (100-150 grit)

Basic Precautions and Safety Measures

Painting furniture is a safe job for the most part

1. However, you must bear in mind that paint itself (including the varnishes, thinners, turpentine, and primers) is flammable. Hence, you must do this job away from any flame, and avoid smoking near the paint materials.
2. Another issue is of allergies. Many people are sensitive to the smell of paint, which may further aggravate other allergies. Do the painting job in an airy room, and cover your nose and mouth.
3. Keep a newspaper or a disposable cloth on the floor, and then place the furniture on it. This will protect your floor from ungainly paint stains.

Initial Preparations

1. The first thing to do is to remove all the accessories like knobs and fasteners, by unscrewing them from the furniture.
2. If the furniture comes apart (and if you can reassemble it easily afterward), it is a good idea to separate the parts, and paint them individually. For example, with cabinet units, you can remove all the doors and shelves, and paint each of them individually.
3. You will probably be painting on the floor, and you will be painting one side and then the other. So, a good idea is to make some stilts on the floor, where you can elevate the piece of furniture. By doing this, you will not be spoiling the already painted first layer while doing the second.


After the surfaces are disassembled, lay them out on the floor one at a time. With the help of sand paper, rub each surface thoroughly.
This will remove the older paint, and will make the surface coarse enough to hold up the coats of primer and paint. Make sure by vacuuming the surface, which will remove any hidden particles from it. Wipe with a clean cloth.

Applying the Primer

The primer is the preliminary treatment that is done on the surface before the actual paint is applied. It ensures that the coat of paint will adhere properly with the surface. It is applied either with a brush, or with a spray painter.
You must make sure that it covers every portion of the surface. Wait for a couple of hours (as indicated on the primer can) to allow it to dry completely. Without this, the paint will not hold well.

Applying the Paint Coats

When the primer is dry, you can think about starting the actual painting. It is better to stick with the custom colors already available with the manufacturer, or you can blend a couple of colors to get your own combinations.
However, be sure to blend enough quantity at one time only, because once your customized shade is over, it will be very difficult to get the same shade again.
Take a paintbrush, soak it properly in the paint, and then apply it uniformly on the surface. You must make sure to go in the direction of the grain, and never repeat your brush strokes over the same area. Keep the brush strokes full and unidirectional.
When done, let the paint dry up. It might take 6 hours. Letting it sit overnight is the best solution. When it is perfectly dry, repeat the procedure for a second coat of paint. A second coat is essential to get a smooth finish.
This is the end of your painting job. You will have to leave the furniture for several hours (better if you leave it overnight). When that is done, reattach all the fixtures, and assemble the furniture in the correct manner. That's it! You have probably saved a lot of money here.