With the passage of time, the designs and layout of houses have gone through a sea change. Improved construction methods and the development of new construction materials has given rise to different types of houses around the world. Houses can be classified on the basis of the style of architecture or construction designs.
Different styles of architecture have developed during different eras. Geography or location has also had an impact on the housing designs. Some of the popular architectural styles include cottages, ranch, chalets, colonial houses, bungalow, and mansions.
The colonists who traveled from the New England to England adapted the English house with a hall and a parlor as a model and remodeled it using some local materials to ensure protection against the stormy weather. Generally, these 1 or 1½ storied timbered houses are covered in shingles and clapboards and the exteriors are slightly ornamented.
The prominent features of this style of house include decorative shutters, hardwood floors, and a large central fireplace that is connected to all the rooms. Other features include the multi-paned, double-hung windows, and a central hall floor plan.
The designs of a colonial house could be simple or elaborate. These are multi-storied houses with the main living area on one floor, whereas the bedrooms are on the higher floors. Some of the other features are timbered framing, open porches, decorative columns, or door being crowned by molding. Victorian style houses are included in this category.
This style of house could have multiple chimneys, inlaid brick patterns, and wooden frames. Other features could be small and flattened arches and pillared porches. The size of the house could vary from a small cottage to a huge mansion.
Due to the vast area that is covered by the roof, the attics absorb a lot of heat during the summer. These are popular due to their heat-reducing features.
The concept of open spaces is a major part of this home as one large area might be used for the living room, dining room, kitchen, and in some cases family room. Ranch homes were the first to popularize the attached garage. With time, the traditional ranch home layouts have undergone a change and the concept of split level or raised ranch has become popular.
It has a steep roof in its front and the extension at the back is covered using the much longer, sloping roof in the back. These houses are covered in clapboard siding.
The living room, dining room, and the kitchen might be on the second level. The bathrooms and bedrooms would be on the next level. The level below might have a family room.
A house is called single-detached, if it is completely detached from any other property. Bungalows, cottages, mansions come under this category. Though the aforementioned styles are some of the prominent ones, there are several other types such as cottages, villa, farmhouse, rowhouse, etc.