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Bunk Beds - Types, Safety And Mattress Care

Types of Bunk Beds and Crucial Tips for Safety and Mattress Care

Bunk beds are becoming very popular these days. This article lists the various types of these beds, some safety tips, and mattress care instructions.
Neil Valentine D'Silva
Last Updated: Mar 23, 2018
With apartments becoming smaller by the day, bunk beds are becoming more and more popular. No longer are they pieces of furniture associated with dorm rooms, today they have become an important part of homes around the world. It's not just children that are using these beds anymore. They are actually becoming a fashion accessory for homes.
Bunk beds are two beds that are stacked on top of each other. The lower bed is at a normal bed height, but the upper bed's height can vary and is sometimes adjustable. The upper bed is provided with a ladder to climb up to it.
There are different kinds of bunk beds. The following are some of the popular types:
  • Basic - The basic type is the most elementary kind of bunk bed, where one bed is stacked on top of the other. There are three types of basic designs―twin over twin, twin over full, and full over full.
  • Loft - Loft beds basically contain only the top of the bunk, which can be accessed by a ladder. The bed is hoisted to the height with four rods at the four corners. The area below the loft bed is kept free, and can be utilized for a variety of things. You can place another bed underneath, you can set up a work table, or you can use this space to keep a cabinet and use it as storage space. Loft beds are very popularly used in children's rooms.
  • Trundle - Trundle beds are a variation of the loft bed design, where the area under the loft bed is used to hold another bed, which can be pulled out on its wheels. When the bed is not in use during the daytime, the bed can be trundled in to give more floor space.
  • Stackable - These are simply bunk beds in which the two beds can be separated when needed. Stackable beds are considered to be a good option when the bunk is no longer needed, as it can be dismantled into two separate sleeping surfaces.
  • Futon - These beds are bunk beds to their core, but they have a futon instead of a lower bed. Often, the futon is made very stylish, and can be customized according to the rest of the room's décor.
Bunk beds call for more safety measures because the top bed is at a height of about five to six feet above the ground. A fall from that height when the person is sleeping could be very injurious. Most bunks are provided with railings for the upper bed. If your children are young, then you must definitely invest in one with rails―it won't add much to the overall cost of the bed. Also, ensure that the gap between the rails is not very big. Small children might pass through the gap and fall down. You must remember that though the bunk has railings, the place where the ladder meets the bed will be open. So, toddlers must never sleep on the top bed. The top bunk must be used by children who have a sense of their own safety.
Often, young children will enjoy the idea of jumping off the top bunk without using the ladder. You need to be very careful about this. At least for a few weeks after the bed is installed in the home, you must monitor your children's usage of it.
It is very important to place a mattress below the bunk. This will prevent children who jump off the top from hurting themselves. Make sure you use rug pads too, they will prevent the mattresses from slipping under the children's feet.
When you are buying the bed, make sure that there are no loose screws or any sharp or rough ends that could cause injuries. When buying one for children, make sure it is a children's bunk that you are getting and not an adult bed. Adult bunks are made stronger and even a bit rougher than the children's ones.
Mattress Care
  • Get a mattress size that will fit properly on your bed. Make sure that the mattress of the top bed doesn't jut out. If needed, get a smaller mattress.
  • Insert mothballs in the mattresses. This will keep the pests away.
  • At least once in a month, keep the mattresses out in the sun. This helps to deter insects from settling in the mattresses, and will also prevent the growth of molds.
  • Always keep a clean sheet over the mattresses when sleeping on them. This will prevent body sweat from entering the mattress. Also, it will protect your body from coming into contact with dust that the mattress might have collected. If others use the bed too, then putting a clean sheet on it will help for hygienic reasons as well.
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